USA Flag - American Flag
The national flag of the United States of America consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white, with a blue rectangle in the canton bearing fifty white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows of six stars (top and bottom) alternating with rows of five stars. The 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states of the United States of America and the 13 stripes represent the thirteen British colonies that declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain.
One of World's top 10 biggest American Flags hoisted on flag poles


USA Flag - Colors
Red: (RGB: 178, 34, 52) (hex code: #B22234)
White: (RGB: 255, 255, 255) (hex code: #FFFFFF)
Blue: (RGB: 60, 59, 110) (hex code: #3C3B6E)


USA Flag - Colors - meaning and symbolism
Red: valor, bravery and sacrifice
White: purity, innocence and peace
Blue: vigilance, perseverance and justice
Stars: The star is a symbol of the heavens and the divine goal to which man has aspired from time immemorial. Fifty stars represent fifty states of the union
Stripes: The stripe is symbolic of the rays of light emanating from the sun. Thirteen stripes represent thirteen colonies that declared independence from Great Britain to form USA


USA Flag - dimensions
Width : 1.0 Length: 1.9 union width: 0.5385 union length:0.76 Width of each stripe:0.0769 Diameter of each star:0.0616


USA Flag - Colors meaning
The Stars and Stripes originated as a result of a resolution adopted by the Marine Committee of the Second Continental Congress at Philadelphia on June 14, 1777. The resolution read, "Resolved, that the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field representing a new constellation." The resolution gave no instruction as to how many points the stars should have, nor how the stars should be arranged on the blue union. Consequently, some flags had stars scattered on the blue field without any specific design, some arranged the stars in rows, and some in a circle.


Who designed USA Flag?
Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was responsible for the stars in the U.S. flag. At the time that the flag resolution was adopted, Hopkinson was the Chairman of the Continental Navy Board's Middle Department. Hopkinson also helped design other devices for the Government including the Great Seal of the United States. The flag was first carried in battle at Brandywine, Pa., in September 1777. It first flew over foreign territory in early 1778, at Nassau, Bahama Islands, where Americans captured a fort from the British. Elizabeth Ross (better known as Betsy Ross) was commissioned by a congressional committee to sew the first official flag. She was responsible for changing the stars from being six-pointed to five-pointed, easier to make.
Historic Flags of USA
Current USA Flag
July 4, 1960 - Present
50 stars
Current 50-star version of USA flag design was approved after Hawaii was admitted as 50th state of USA on August 21, 1959. Executive Order of President Eisenhower dated August 21, 1959 - provided for the arrangement of the stars in nine rows of stars staggered horizontally and eleven rows of stars staggered vertically. The flag was raised for the first time at 12:01 a.m. on July 4, 1960, at the Fort McHenry National Monument in Baltimore, Maryland.
Previous USA Flag
July 4, 1959 – July 3, 1960
49 stars
Alaska became 49th state of USA on January 3, 1959. Executive Order of President Eisenhower dated January 3, 1959 - provided for the arrangement of the stars in seven rows of seven stars each, staggered horizontally and vertically.
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1912 – July 3, 1959
48 stars
In 1912 two states joined USA - New Mexico on January 6, 1912 and Arizona on February 14, 1912 - adding two stars for the 46-star USA flag. Executive Order of President Taft dated June 24, 1912 - established proportions of the flag and provided for arrangement of the stars in six horizontal rows of eight each, a single point of each star to be upward.
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1908 – July 3, 1912
46 stars
Oklahoma joined USA as a state onNovember 16, 1907.
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1896 – July 3, 1908
45 stars
Utah joined the Union on January 4, 1896.
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1891 – July 3, 1896
44 stars
Wyoming joined USA as a state on July 10, 1890.
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1890 – July 3, 1891
43 stars
Five states - North Dakota (November 2, 1889) South Dakota (November 2, 1889) Montana (November 8, 1889) Washington (November 11, 1889) Idaho (July 3, 1890) - joined USA as states and 5 stars were added to the flag
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1877 – July 3, 1890
38 stars
Colorado joined Union on August 1, 1876. The 38-star flag had stars arranged in rows as well as circles
Until the Executive Order of June 24, 1912, neither the order of the stars nor the proportions of the flag was prescribed.
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1867 – July 3, 1877
37 stars
Nebraska joined as a state on March 1, 1867 and one star was added to the flag
Stars were arranged in some flags in rows and circles in others
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1865 – July 3, 1867
36 stars
Nevada joined as a state on October 31, 1864 and one star was added.
Stars were arranged in some flags in rows and circles in others
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1863 – July 3, 1865
35 stars
West Virginia joined USA as a state on June 20, 1863
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1861 – July 3, 1863
34 stars
Kansas joined USA as a state on January 29, 1861
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1859 – July 3, 1861
33 stars
Oregon joined Union on February 14, 1859 and one star was added
Stars were arranged in rows in some versions and as a star in others
Stars were arranged in various designs in various versions
Stars were arranged in various designs in various versions
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1858 – July 3, 1859
32 stars
Minnesota joined USA as a state on May 11, 1858
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1851 – July 3, 1858
31 stars
California joined USA as a state on September 9, 1850.
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1848 – July 3, 1851
30 stars
Wisconsin joined USA as a state on May 29, 1848
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1847 – July 3, 1848
29 stars
Iowa joined Union on December 28, 1846 and one star was added.
Stars were arranged in various designs in various versions.
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1846 – July 3, 1847
28 stars
Texas joined USA as a state on December 29, 1845.
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1845 – July 3, 1846
27 stars
Florida joined as a state on March 3, 1845
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1837 – July 3, 1845
26 stars
Michigan joined Union on Jan 26, 1837 and one star was added
Stars were arranged in various designs in various versions..
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1836 – July 3, 1837
25 stars
Arkansas joined as a state on June 15, 1836
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1822 – July 3, 1836
24 stars
Missouri joined USA as a state on August 10, 1821
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1820 – July 3, 1822
23 stars
Two states - Alabama (December 14, 1819) Maine (March 15, 1820) - joined USA as states
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1819 – July 3, 1820
21 stars
Illinois joined USA as a state on December 3, 1818
Past USA Flag
July 4, 1818 – July 3, 1819
13 stripes - 20 stars
Five states - Tennessee (June 1, 1796), Ohio (March 1, 1803), Louisiana (April 30, 1812), Indiana (December 11, 1816), Mississippi (December 10, 1817) joined USA.
Act of April 4, 1818 - provided for 13 stripes and one star for each state, to be added to the flag on the 4th of July following the admission of each new state.
Past USA Flag
May 1, 1795 – July 3, 1818
15 stripes - 15 stars
When Vermont (March 4, 1791) and Kentucky (June 1, 1792) joined USA as states, both the number of stars and stripes were raised to 15. Act of January 13, 1794 - provided for 15 stripes and 15 stars after May 1795.
Past USA Flag
June 14, 1777 – May 1, 1795
13 stripes - 13 stars
Flag Resolution of June 14, 1777 - stated: "Resolved: that the flag of the United States be made of thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation."
Francis Hopkinson's design for a US flag, featuring six-pointed stars arranged in rows. One famous arrangement features 13 outwardly-oriented five-pointed stars arranged in a circle, the so-called Betsy Ross flag .
First USA Flag
December 3, 1775 – June 14, 1777
13 stripes - Union Jack
The first flag of the colonists to have any resemblance to the present Stars and Stripes was the Grand Union Flag, sometimes referred to as the Congress Colors, the First Navy Ensign, and the Cambridge Flag. Its design consisted of 13 stripes, alternately red and white, representing the Thirteen Colonies, with a blue field in the upper left-hand corner bearing the red cross of St. George of England with the white cross of St. Andrew of Scotland. As the flag of the revolution it was used on many occasions. It was first flown by the ships of the Colonial Fleet on the Delaware River. On December 3, 1775, it was raised aboard Captain Esek Hopkin's flagship Alfred by John Paul Jones, then a Navy lieutenant. Later the flag was raised on the liberty pole at Prospect Hill, which was near George Washington's headquarters in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It was our unofficial national flag on July 4, 1776, Independence Day; and it remained the unofficial national flag and ensign of the Navy until June 14, 1777, when the Continental Congress authorized the Stars and Stripes. Interestingly, the Grand Union Flag also was the standard of the British East India Company. It was only by degrees that the Union Flag of Great Britain was discarded. The final breach between the Colonies and Great Britain brought about the removal of the British Union from the canton of our striped flag and the substitution of stars on a blue field.
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