American Flag
    USA Flag
    USA flag
    Nicknames The Stars and Stripes
    Old Glory
    The Star-Spangled Banner
    Red, White and Blue
    Adopted June 14, 1777
    (original version)
    July 4, 1960
    (current version)
    Proportion 10:19
    Designer Francis Hopkinson
    (original version)
    Robert G. Heft
    (current version)
    Flag day June 14
    Colors Red, White and Blue
    USA Flag
    The national flag of the United States of America consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white, with a blue rectangle in the canton bearing fifty white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows of six stars (top and bottom) alternating with rows of five stars. The 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states of the United States of America and the 13 stripes represent the thirteen British colonies that declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain.
    American Flag Colors - symbolism
    American Flag Colors - meaning
    Red: valor, hardiness and sacrifice
    White: purity, innocence and peace
    Blue: vigilance, perseverance and justice
    Stars: The star is a symbol of the heavens and the divine goal to which man has aspired from time immemorial. Fifty stars represent fifty states of the union
    Stripes: The stripe is symbolic of the rays of light emanating from the sun. Thirteen stripes represent thirteen colonies that declared independence from Great Britain to form USA
    USA Flag Colors

    Red RGB: (178,34,52) Hex: #B22234
    White RGB: (255,255,255) Hex: #FFFFFF
    Blue RGB: (60,59,110) Hex: #3C3B6E
    USA Flag history


    USA Flag
    The Stars and Stripes originated as a result of a resolution adopted by the Marine Committee of the Second Continental Congress at Philadelphia on June 14, 1777. The resolution read, "Resolved, that the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field representing a new constellation." The resolution gave no instruction as to how many points the stars should have, nor how the stars should be arranged on the blue union. Consequently, some flags had stars scattered on the blue field without any specific design, some arranged the stars in rows, and some in a circle.
    USA National Anthem
    USA Flag facts
    American Flag
    American Flag information

    Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was responsible for the stars in the U.S. flag. At the time that the flag resolution was adopted, Hopkinson was the Chairman of the Continental Navy Board's Middle Department. Hopkinson also helped design other devices for the Government including the Great Seal of the United States. The flag was first carried in battle at Brandywine, Pa., in September 1777. It first flew over foreign territory in early 1778, at Nassau, Bahama Islands, where Americans captured a fort from the British. Elizabeth Ross (better known as Betsy Ross) was commissioned by a congressional committee to sew the first official flag. She was responsible for changing the stars from being six-pointed to five-pointed, easier to make.
    USA Flag Image
    American Flag Image
    Why American Flag is called 'Old Glory'

    USA Flag Image
    Why American Flag is called 'Old Glory'

    The name "Old Glory" was first applied to the U.S. flag by a young sea captain who lived in Salem, Mass. On his twenty-first birthday, March 17, 1824, Capt. William Driver was presented a beautiful flag by his mother and a group of Salem girls. Driver was delighted with the gift. He exclaimed, "I'll name her 'Old Glory.'" Then Old Glory accompanied the captain on his many voyages.
    Captain Driver quit the sea in 1837. He settled in Nashville, Tenn. On patriotic days he displayed Old Glory proudly from a rope extending from his house to a tree across the street. After Tennessee seceded from the Union in 1861, Captain Driver hid Old Glory. He sewed the flag inside a comforter. When Union soldiers entered Nashville on February 25, 1862, Driver removed Old Glory from its hiding place. He carried the flag to the state capitol building and raised it.
    Shortly before his death, the old sea captain placed a small bundle into the arms of his daughter. He said to her, "Mary Jane, this is my ship flag, Old Glory. It has been my constant companion. I love it as a mother loves her child. Cherish it as I have cherished it."
    The flag remained as a precious heirloom in the Driver family until 1922. Then it was sent to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, where it is carefully preserved under glass today
    Which flag inspired American National Anthem

    USA Flag That Inspired American Anthem
    Flag That inspired American Anthem

    Star-Spangled Banner,the patriotic song, whose words were written by Francis Scott Key on September 14, 1814, during the War of 1812 with Great Britain, was adopted by Congress as the U.S. national anthem in 1931. For many years before Congress made this choice, the song was popular and regulations for military bands required that it be played for ceremonies.
    Though Key wrote the words during the British bombardment of Fort McHenry at Baltimore, the melody was an English tune well known in America by the 1790s. It was the music for a poem, "To Anacreon in Heaven," written about 1780 as the official song of a British social and musical organization, the Anacreontic Society. In fact, Key had used the music in 1805 to accompany another poem he wrote to honor Commodore Stephen Decatur.
    Key was a well known 34-year-old Washington, D.C., lawyer-poet. The British had captured Washington and taken William Beanes, a physician, prisoner. They were holding him aboard ship in their fleet off the Baltimore shore. Friends of Beanes persuaded Key to negotiate his release. Key went out to the British fleet and succeeded in gaining Beanes' release but, because the British planned to attack Baltimore at that time, both were detained.
    During the night of Sept. 13-14, Key watched the bombardment of Baltimore from the deck of a British ship. Although rain obscured the fort during the night, at daybreak he could see the American flag still flying from Fort McHenry. (It had 15 stars and 15 stripes at that time) The fort still stood after the British had fired some 1,800 bombs, rockets and shells at it, about 400 of them landing inside. Four defenders were killed and 24 wounded. Key drafted the words of a poem on an envelope. The American detainees were sent ashore, the British fleet withdrew, and Key finished the poem and made a good copy of it in a Baltimore hotel the next day.
    According to some accounts, Key showed the poem to relatives of his wife in Baltimore and these people had it printed immediately and distributed throughout the city on a handbill, entitled "The Defense of Fort McHenry." Within a couple of weeks, Baltimore newspapers published the poem, it gained instant popularity and was renamed "The Star-Spangled Banner." An actor sang it to the popular British tune at a public performance in Baltimore.
    Only with the start of the Civil War did "The Star-Spangled Banner" become a nationally popular song. Both Union and Confederate forces rallied to it. During World War I, a drive began in Congress to make it the official anthem of America's armed forces. There were other contenders for the title, including "America the Beautiful" and "Yankee Doodle." Maryland legislators and citizens were among the most active groups and individuals who pressed to get Francis Scott Key's words and accompanying English tune ratified into law as the country's first national anthem. That finally happened with passage of P.L. 823 and President Herbert Hoover's signature on March 3, 1931.
    The anthem has four verses, each ending with the line, "O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave."
    Why US flag day is being observed on June 14?

    USA Flag Image
    Why June 14 is American flag day?

    Each year on June 14, we celebrate the birthday of the Stars and Stripes, which came into being on June 14, 1777. At that time, the Second Continental Congress authorized a new flag to symbolize the new Nation, the United States of America.
    The Stars and Stripes first flew in a Flag Day celebration in Hartford, Connecticut in 1861, during the first summer of the Civil War. The first national observance of Flag Day occurred June 14, 1877, the centennial of the original flag resolution.
    By the mid 1890's the observance of Flag Day on June 14 was a popular event. Mayors and governors began to issue proclamations in their jurisdictions to celebrate this event.
    In the years to follow, public sentiment for a national Flag Day observance greatly intensified. Numerous patriotic societies and veterans groups became identified with the Flag Day movement. Since their main objective was to stimulate patriotism among the young, schools were the first to become involved in flag activities.
    In 1916 President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation calling for a nationwide observance of Flag Day on June 14. It was not until 1949 that Congress made this day a permanent observance by resolving "That the 14th day of June of each year is hereby designated as Flag Day. The measure was signed into law by President Harry Truman.
    USA Flag folding
    Though not part of the official Flag Code, according to military custom, flags should be folded into a triangular shape when not in use. To properly fold the flag: Begin by holding it waist-high with another person so that its surface is parallel to the ground. Fold the lower half of the stripe section lengthwise over the field of stars, holding the bottom and top edges securely. Fold the flag again lengthwise with the blue field on the outside. Make a rectangular fold then a triangular fold by bringing the striped corner of the folded edge to meet the open top edge of the flag, starting the fold from the left side over to the right. Turn the outer end point inward, parallel to the open edge, to form a second triangle. The triangular folding is continued until the entire length of the flag is folded in this manner (usually thirteen triangular folds, as shown at right). On the final fold, any remnant that does not neatly fold into a triangle (or in the case of exactly even folds, the last triangle) is tucked into the previous fold. When the flag is completely folded, only a triangular blue field of stars should be visible. There is also no specific meaning for each fold of the flag. However, there are scripts read by non-government organizations and also by the Air Force that are used during the flag folding ceremony. These scripts range from historical timelines of the flag to religious themes.



    Historic Flags of USA
    Current American flag
    July 4, 1960 - Present
    50 stars
    Current 50-star version of USA flag design was approved after Hawaii was admitted as 50th state of USA on August 21, 1959. Executive Order of President Eisenhower dated August 21, 1959 - provided for the arrangement of the stars in nine rows of stars staggered horizontally and eleven rows of stars staggered vertically. The flag was raised for the first time at 12:01 a.m. on July 4, 1960, at the Fort McHenry National Monument in Baltimore, Maryland.



    Previous American flag
    July 4, 1959 – July 3, 1960
    49 stars
    Alaska became 49th state of USA on January 3, 1959. Executive Order of President Eisenhower dated January 3, 1959 - provided for the arrangement of the stars in seven rows of seven stars each, staggered horizontally and vertically.
    Past American flag
    July 4, 1912 – July 3, 1959
    48 stars
    In 1912 two states joined USA - New Mexico on January 6, 1912 and Arizona on February 14, 1912 - adding two stars for the 46-star USA flag. Executive Order of President Taft dated June 24, 1912 - established proportions of the flag and provided for arrangement of the stars in six horizontal rows of eight each, a single point of each star to be upward.
    Past American flag
    July 4, 1908 – July 3, 1912
    46 stars
    Oklahoma joined USA as a state onNovember 16, 1907.
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    Past American flag
    July 4, 1896 – July 3, 1908
    45 stars
    Utah joined the Union on January 4, 1896.
Past American flag
July 4, 1891 – July 3, 1896
44 stars
Wyoming joined USA as a state on July 10, 1890.
Past American flag
July 4, 1890 – July 3, 1891
43 stars
Five states - North Dakota (November 2, 1889) South Dakota (November 2, 1889) Montana (November 8, 1889) Washington (November 11, 1889) Idaho (July 3, 1890) - joined USA as states and 5 stars were added to the flag
Past American flag
July 4, 1877 – July 3, 1890
38 stars
Colorado joined Union on August 1, 1876. The 38-star flag had stars arranged in rows as well as circles
Until the Executive Order of June 24, 1912, neither the order of the stars nor the proportions of the flag was prescribed.
Past American flag
July 4, 1867 – July 3, 1877
37 stars
Nebraska joined as a state on March 1, 1867 and one star was added to the flag
Stars were arranged in some flags in rows and circles in others
Past American flag
July 4, 1865 – July 3, 1867
36 stars
Nevada joined as a state on October 31, 1864 and one star was added.
Stars were arranged in some flags in rows and circles in others
Past American flag
July 4, 1863 – July 3, 1865
35 stars
West Virginia joined USA as a state on June 20, 1863
Past American flag
July 4, 1861 – July 3, 1863
34 stars
Kansas joined USA as a state on January 29, 1861
Past American flag
July 4, 1859 – July 3, 1861
33 stars
Oregon joined Union on February 14, 1859 and one star was added
Stars were arranged in rows in some versions and as a star in others
Stars were arranged in various designs in various versions
Stars were arranged in various designs in various versions
Past American flag
July 4, 1858 – July 3, 1859
32 stars
Minnesota joined USA as a state on May 11, 1858
Past American flag
July 4, 1851 – July 3, 1858
31 stars
California joined USA as a state on September 9, 1850.
Past American flag
July 4, 1848 – July 3, 1851
30 stars
Wisconsin joined USA as a state on May 29, 1848
Past American flag
July 4, 1847 – July 3, 1848
29 stars
Iowa joined Union on December 28, 1846 and one star was added.
Stars were arranged in various designs in various versions.
Past American flag
July 4, 1846 – July 3, 1847
28 stars
Texas joined USA as a state on December 29, 1845.
Past American flag
July 4, 1845 – July 3, 1846
27 stars
Florida joined as a state on March 3, 1845
Past American flag
July 4, 1837 – July 3, 1845
26 stars
Michigan joined Union on Jan 26, 1837 and one star was added
Stars were arranged in various designs in various versions..
Past American flag
July 4, 1836 – July 3, 1837
25 stars
Arkansas joined as a state on June 15, 1836
Past American flag
July 4, 1822 – July 3, 1836
24 stars
Missouri joined USA as a state on August 10, 1821
Past American flag
July 4, 1820 – July 3, 1822
23 stars
Two states - Alabama (December 14, 1819) Maine (March 15, 1820) - joined USA as states
Past American flag
July 4, 1819 – July 3, 1820
21 stars
Illinois joined USA as a state on December 3, 1818
Past American flag
July 4, 1818 – July 3, 1819
13 stripes - 20 stars
Five states - Tennessee (June 1, 1796), Ohio (March 1, 1803), Louisiana (April 30, 1812), Indiana (December 11, 1816), Mississippi (December 10, 1817) joined USA.
Act of April 4, 1818 - provided for 13 stripes and one star for each state, to be added to the flag on the 4th of July following the admission of each new state.
Past American flag
May 1, 1795 – July 3, 1818
15 stripes - 15 stars
When Vermont (March 4, 1791) and Kentucky (June 1, 1792) joined USA as states, both the number of stars and stripes were raised to 15. Act of January 13, 1794 - provided for 15 stripes and 15 stars after May 1795.
During the War of 1812, Francis Scott Key witnessed the bombardment of Fort McHenry. When Key saw an oversized American flag emerge intact in the dawn of September 14, 1814, he was so moved that he began that morning to compose the poem "Defence of Fort M'Henry" that was later set to the tune "To Anacreon in Heaven" which would later be renamed "The Star-Spangled Banner" and become the United States' national anthem. A replica of the 15-star, 15-stripe U.S. flag currently flies over Fort McHenry



Past American flag
June 14, 1777 – May 1, 1795
13 stripes - 13 stars
Flag Resolution of June 14, 1777 - stated: "Resolved: that the flag of the United States be made of thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation."
Francis Hopkinson's design for a US flag, featuring six-pointed stars arranged in rows. One famous arrangement features 13 outwardly-oriented five-pointed stars arranged in a circle, the so-called Betsy Ross flag .
First American flag
December 3, 1775 – June 14, 1777
13 stripes - Union Jack
The first flag of the colonists to have any resemblance to the present Stars and Stripes was the Grand Union Flag, sometimes referred to as the Congress Colors, the First Navy Ensign, and the Cambridge Flag. Its design consisted of 13 stripes, alternately red and white, representing the Thirteen Colonies, with a blue field in the upper left-hand corner bearing the red cross of St. George of England with the white cross of St. Andrew of Scotland. As the flag of the revolution it was used on many occasions. It was first flown by the ships of the Colonial Fleet on the Delaware River. On December 3, 1775, it was raised aboard Captain Esek Hopkin's flagship Alfred by John Paul Jones, then a Navy lieutenant. Later the flag was raised on the liberty pole at Prospect Hill, which was near George Washington's headquarters in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It was our unofficial national flag on July 4, 1776, Independence Day; and it remained the unofficial national flag and ensign of the Navy until June 14, 1777, when the Continental Congress authorized the Stars and Stripes. Interestingly, the Grand Union Flag also was the standard of the British East India Company. It was only by degrees that the Union Flag of Great Britain was discarded. The final breach between the Colonies and Great Britain brought about the removal of the British Union from the canton of our striped flag and the substitution of stars on a blue field.
    USA Flag Dimensions
    USA Flag Dimensions
    Width : 1.0
    Length: 1.9
    union width: 0.5385
    union length: 0.76
    union top to star: 0.054
    vertical space between stars: 0.054
    union left to star: 0.063
    horizontal space between stars: 0.063
    Diameter of each star: 0.0616
    Width of each stripe: 0.0769

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